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Present modal verbs

Rule | Stem+Ending | Fully inflected
Subjunctive I
Person Stem TM Ending Person Stem TM Ending
ich Present stem
with ablaut
- ich Present stem
du st du st
er/sie/es - er/sie/es -
wir Present stem en wir n
ihr t ihr t
sie en sie n

The forms of the present indicative (in part old preterite forms) are formed with the endings of the irregular preterite. The subjunctive I is formed with the time-mood signal e and the regular preterite endings.

In the singular forms of the present indicative the vowel of the present stem (except for soll) undergoes ablaut:

Present infinitive   Present indicative
Singular 1st+3rd pers.
Present indicative
Singular 2nd pers.    
dürfen darf darfst
können kann kannst
mögen mag magst
müssen muss musst
wissen weiß weißt
wollen will willst

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